Ripens mid-July in Central CA: fruit holds well on tree when ripe. Be sure to handle this petite yellow plum with care as they bruise easily. Its scientific name is in honor of the Earl of Harrington, who was the first plant this tree in a Europe. Large, oblong fruit with waxy, thin, amber skin. 250 hours or less. Ripe late July in Central CA. Pollenized by Santa Rosa. They are the favored fresh eating varieties in the United states being larger, firmer fleshed, and rounder t Plum Varieties Taste Best Early Varieties. No. It is good for... Midseason Varieties. Light green skin, greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Large, firm, delicious fruit. Cherries. Adjust accordingly for other locations. 600-700 hours. Early Golden. The bungo trees are also grown for fruit and are hybrids between Prunus mume and apricot. Low chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Little or no tartness at skin or pit. Pollenize with Beauty or Santa Rosa. Bred by J.H.Weinerberger from Fresno, California (USA), in 1980. Self-fruitful. In recent years, Pluot® Interspecifics have gained much of the Japanese plum fresh-market share. Originated in Fresno, CA. 800 hours. Au Rosa. Maroon colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Bruce' This large Japanese plum has red skin, red flesh, and good flavor. Pollenizer required. 400 hours. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby. Before choosing what variety of Japanese plum you are going to grow, find out if it requires a pollinator tree. 400 hours or less. Pollenized by Catalina, Nubiana, or Santa Rosa. How do I find my varieties? If you are thinking of planting fruit trees, here are some reasons why you should and where to begin on our website. Low acid. We cannot ship any stock to California , Hawaii, Canada or outside the USA. In recent years, Pluot® Interspecifics have gained much of the Japanese plum fresh-market share. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. Amber flesh is firm, sweet and flavorful. 300 hours. Relatively small tree, cold hardy. The fruit is larger, rounder and firmer than its European counterpart. (Pat. Good pollenizer for other Japanese plums. Red and golden yellow skin. Fortune. Self-fruitful. Sweet and juicy but still firm when fully ripe, with very little tartness at skin and pit. Trees well-chosen will be easiest to grow and give superior fruit - at your preferred harvest times. One of the best Japanese plums. Popularly called Umeshu, the Japanese plum wine is a form of liqueur that is made with unripe and green ume plums, sugar, and alcohol.Though termed as a dessert wine, Japanese wine can have a blend of sweet and sour taste with 12% alcohol content. In Japan, ornamental Prunus mume cultivars are classified into yabai (wild), hibai (red), and bungo (Bungo Province) types. Make sure you plant several different varieties for best pollination. Ripens early to mid August; ripe fruit hangs well on the tree. Toka Plums have reddish orange skin with yellow flesh. Elephant Heart plum. Long harvest season - September in Central CA. Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. Earliest plum: June in Central CA. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family Cephalotaxaceae Genus Cephalotaxus Scientific Name Cephalotaxus harringtonii Quick Information … Medium to large, reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. Self-fruitful. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Japanese plum trees have rougher bark, more persistent spurs, and more numerous flowers than European plums. Self-fruitful or partly self-fruitful varieties may . 400 hours or less. 500 hours. Excellent pollenizer for Japanese, American and hybrid plums. Very sweet, translucent flesh. 400 hours. P.O. Established by Dave Wilson in 1938 on a small piece of rented ground near Modesto, California, our company. Medium size, heart-shaped fruit. This smaller Japanese plum tree offers a tasty crop of sweet flavorful fruit in mid July - earlier than other selections. Harvest mid-August in Central CA. Ripens June in Central CA, a week or more before Santa Rosa. Cross between Burbank and Methley. The timing and sequence of steps are of critical importance--. Ripens in late June and hangs well on the tree. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … Excellent for jam. Juicy, tangy and flavorful. Smooth and sweet, you will surely encounter the shiro at famers markets in late July. Self-fruitful. Self-fruitful. It is now also grown in fruit orchards in Vietnam, Korea, Japan, the United States, and Australia. 500 hours. Japanese gardens and parks are colored with plum trees’ rose-hued blossoms, and sometimes white or yellow flowers, depending on the species, and a strong, characteristic perfume is wafting into the air. Partly self-fruitful, or pollenized by Kelsey or Santa Rosa. Fertilize Japanese plum trees with 1 to 3 lbs. Large, black, favorite fresh market plum. The European plum includes varieties such as ‘Stanley’, which is grown for fresh fruit and often dried for use as prunes. Home orchard favorite: large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Merchandising fruit trees, selling your program, inventory control. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. Small to medium-sized, dark cherry colored, semi-freestone plum. Beautiful 8-10 ft. tree, weeping growth habit: long slender limbs bow gracefully to the ground. They are not generally self-pollinated and can be tricky to grow in areas with late frosts but are superb for fresh eating. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. Self-fruitful. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. Japanese plums can be more challenging to grow than European plums due to stricter pollination requirements. "A Family Organized to Improve Fruit Worldwide", the Zaigers have brought the world a fantastic array of fresh market stone fruits including Pluot® and Aprium® interspecifics. Self-fruitful. Fax: (717) 677-4124 250 hours. Bright red skin, yellow, juicy-tart, semi-clingstone flesh. Phone: (717) 677-8105 Pollenized by Santa Rosa, Beauty, or Wickson. Cross between wild plum and apricot plum. Abundant white blooms appear in later winter through early Sell the Edibles! Japanese Varieties. Pollenizers for Japanese plums . Black Ruby. Nearly freestone dark red flesh is firm, meaty, sweet, juicy and aromatic. Low-Chill Cultivars Japanese plum "Burgundy" (P. salicina "Burgundy"), needs 250 to 350 hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit each winter to set fruit. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Sweet cherry grows into a … 9162) (Zaiger). Late July. TOKA PLUM (Prunus americana x) Japanese x American plum. Methley. Table 9.1. Hardy, heavy bearing tree. Brief Views are a quick way to scan the catalog for stone fruit varieties of interest based on key characteristics, chilling requirement, and harvest date. Prolonged harvest: late July to late August in Central CA, 5-6 weeks after Santa Rosa. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. They are generally larger, rounder (or heart shaped) and firmer than European plums. Pollenizer required: Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, Burgundy, Nubiana. 400-500 hours. Popular yellow dessert plum. Red … USDA Zones 3-8. Most varieties have juicy yellow or reddish flesh with skin colors ranging from black to crimson red. Long-time favorite plum in California. Most important: know your site's drainage...before planting. Climate plays a large role in determining which plum variety to plant. Vigorous, productive tree. Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flavor. Extremely cold hardy. Prunus salicina 'Methley' Other names. 500 hours. Red-leafed tree has upright growth habit. The hibai trees have red heartwood and most of them have red flowers. Queen Rosa. Amber flesh, yellow skin blushed with red. Juicy, sweet, red flesh, mild flavor. Introduced in 1988. Pollenizer required: Elephant Heart, Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, Wickson, Burbank. Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Introduced by Luther Burbank in 1919. Bubblegum Plum® and Superior plum are exceptions. They are also more precocious, disease resistant, and vigorous. Santa Rosa – The Santa Rosa is a beautiful, large, red fruits with gold flesh. Shiro – The shiro needs no introduction as it is the most well-known of the Japanese varieties. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty. 300 hours. From South Dakota, introduced in 1911. Pruning the Japanese Plum Tree Their flesh clings to the pit, hence, they are classified as clingstone fruits. Japanese plum, Prunus salycina. Midseason, three weeks after Santa Rosa. Harvest is prolonged: fruit is hard ripe 4-5 weeks after Santa Rosa, but sweetest and most delicious several weeks later (mid to late August in Central CA). Medium to large fruit is firm, spicy, sweet and flavorful. Sweet, mild, not tart. They have high sugar content, and notoriously large amounts of dietary fiber that have a laxative effect. USDA Zones 5-9a. Very small pit. Bare root or in containers? 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